Type 1

1850-1890



This type of apartment building is a direct continuation of the building type that evolved in densely populated towns during the 1700s. It is virtually unchallenged throughout the period up to the end of the 1800s.

The building has exterior walls of solid masonry and brick foundations, though natural stone may be used in the latter, depending on local conditions. The lower part of the street facade is rendered with (e.g.) ashlar plaster to give the building more character. The roof is usually a pitched/saddle roof covered with tile or slate. However, a zinc covering is used on the flat section in the so-called "Copenhagen roof".

The interior walls on normal floors are predominantly of brick-lined timber and of masonry on the bottom floor (basement). Some interior walls on normal floors may be constructed as double board partitions. The storey partitions are made from timber joists and the stairs are of wood.

Recommended literature in Danish:
Herholdt: Vejledning i Husbygningskunst (1877)

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    "Copenhagen roof"

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    Cornice (profiled)

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    Roof base with half-timber

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    Transverse partitions

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    Stairs and partitions

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    Closure of basement windows

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    Longitudinal partitions

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    Board partitions

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    Chimneys and partitions

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